The Contracting Parties to this Convention, established under the auspices of the Customs Co-operation Council,
Desiring to facilitate international trade,
Desiring to facilitate the collection, comparison and analysis of statistics, in particular those on international trade,
Desiring to reduce the expense incurred by redescribing, reclassifying and recoding goods as they move from one classification system to another in the course of international trade and to facilitate the standardization of trade documentation and the transmission of data,
Considering that changes in technology and the patterns of international trade require extensive modifications to the Convention on Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs, done at Brussels on 15 December 1950,
Considering also that the degree of detail required for Customs and statistical purposes by Governments and trade interests has increased far beyond that provided by the Nomenclature annexed to the above-mentioned Convention,
Considering the importance of accurate and comparable data for the purposes of international trade negotiations,
Considering that the Harmonized System is intended to be used for the purposes of freight tariffs and transport statistics of the various modes of transport,
Considering that the Harmonized System is intended to be incorporated into commercial commodity description and coding systems to the greatest extent possible,
Considering that the Harmonized System is intended to promote as close a correlation as possible between import and export trade statistics and production statistics,
Considering that a close correlation should be maintained between the Harmonized System and the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) of the United Nations,
Considering the desirability of meeting the aforementioned needs through a combined tariff/statistical nomenclature, suitable for use by the various interests concerned with international trade,
Considering the importance of ensuring that the Harmonized System is kept up-to-date in the light of changes in technology or in patterns of international trade,
Having taken into consideration the work accomplished in this sphere by the Harmonized System Committee set up by the Customs Co-operation Council,
Considering that while the above-mentioned Nomenclature Convention has proved an effective instrument in the attainment of some of these objectives, the best way to achieve the desired results in this respect is to conclude a new international Convention,
Have agreed as follows:
The Council may recommend amendments to this Convention to the Contracting Parties.
Any Contracting Party may notify the Secretary General of an objection to a recommended amendment and may subsequently withdraw such objection within the period specified in paragraph 3 of this Article.
Any recommended amendment shall be deemed to be accepted six months after the date of its notification by the Secretary General provided that there is no objection outstanding at the end of this period.
Accepted amendments shall enter into force for all Contracting Parties on one of the following dates:
(a) where the recommended amendment is notified before 1 April, the date shall be the first of January of the second year following the date of such notification,
(b) where the recommended amendment is notified on or after 1 April, the date shall be the first of January of the third year following the date of such notification.
The statistical nomenclatures of each Contracting Party and its Customs tariff nomenclature or, in the case provided for under paragraph 1 (c) of Article 3, its combined tariff/statistical nomenclature, shall be brought into conformity with the amended Harmonized System on the date specified in paragraph 4 of this Article.
Any State or Customs or Economic Union signing without reservation of ratification, ratifying or acceding to this Convention shall be deemed to have accepted any amendments thereto which, at the date when it becomes a Contracting Party, have entered into force or have been accepted under the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article.
International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
Article 1. Definitions
Article 2. The Annex
Article 3. Obligations of Contracting Parties
Article 4. Partial application by developing countries
Article 5. Technical assistance for developing countries
Article 6. Harmonized System Committee
Article 7. Functions of the Committee
Article 8. Role of the Council
Article 9. Rates of customs duty
Article 10. Settlement of disputes
Article 11. Eligibility to become a Contracting Party
Article 12. Procedure for becoming a Contracting Party
Article 13. Entry into force
Article 14. Application by dependent territories
Article 15. Denunciation
Article 16. Amendment procedure
Article 17. Rights of Contracting Parties in respect of the Harmonized System
Article 18. Reservations
Article 19. Notifications by the Secretary General
Article 20. Registration with the United Nations
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